Wisconsin is the USA state located in the north of the central part of the country, is among the states of the Midwest USA. The name of the state is received from the name of the largest river that flows through the state - the Wisconsin River.
The capital of the state is Madison.
Badger State, America's Dairyland
|Total||65,498.37 sq mi (169,640 km2)|
|Width||260 miles (427 km)|
|Length||311 miles (507 km)|
The name of the Wisconsin River was given by the first European who explored these lands - Frenchman Jacques Marquette. He used the word Meskousing from the Algonquian Native American language. The name later changed to Ouisconsin, and it came to English as Wisconsin.
Large settlements of numerous Indian tribes Ojibwe, Menomini, Winnebago, and Sauk, lived here before the appearance of Europeans in the 17th century in Wisconsin. The first European in the state was the French traveler Jean Nicole in 1634. After him, French missionaries and fur traders began to develop these lands. When territorial conflicts arose between the French and English settlers, each side was supported by the armies of these countries. In 1763, as a result of military actions, the territory of Wisconsin was ceded to England, and after the end of the American Revolutionary War to the United States. At first, after the United States gained independence, the population of Wisconsin was concentrated mainly around military forts. The hostile, belligerent mood of the local Indians, who did not want to part with their lands, affected.
The situation changed in the middle of the 19th century when mining began in Wisconsin, and a flow of immigrants from New York and New England rushed in. At one time, Wisconsin produced more than half of American lead. During the lead boom, it even seemed that the metal-rich southwest of the state would become the most populated, and the city of Belmont would briefly become its capital. However, by the end of the 1840s, easily accessible reserves were primarily depleted, and the California gold rush dragged all the miners. Wisconsin is still full of echoes of the events of this period. Galena is a symbol of the state, and Wisconsin is nicknamed “Badger State,” as many miners who came faster than housing was built, lived with their families right in the mines, like badgers in burrows. In 1848, Wisconsin became the 30th USA state, and the Wisconsin constitution adopted in the same year remains unchanged today. In the late 19th and early 20th century, thousands of immigrants from Germany and the Scandinavian countries settled in Wisconsin.
Around 5,700,000 people live in Wisconsin. The average population density in the state is about 105/sq mi (40.6/km2).
The largest cities of the state are Milwaukee (about 600,000 inhabitants), the state capital Madison (about 240,000 inhabitants), Green Bay (about 110,000 inhabitants), Kenosha (about 100,000 inhabitants), and Racine (about 85,000 inhabitants).
TOP 5 Universities
Best Universities in Wisconsin
- University of Wisconsin, Madison
- University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee
- Marquette University
- Beloit College
- University of Wisconsin, Stevens Point