Alabama is a state that located in the southern region of the United States. The largest cities are Birmingham, Mobile, and Huntsville. Most of the territory is located on the Mexican Lowland, in the north turning into the hilly plain and spurs of the Appalachian Mountains. Alabama has a subtropical temperate climate. The most important types of minerals are coal, oil, natural gas.
Alabama's capital is the city of Montgomery, which during the American Civil War was the capital of the Confederate States of America in 1861. State status was assigned in 1819.
The name of the Alabama state is received from the name of the Alabama Indians who lived in the lands of the state, in the upper course of the Alabama River.
The Heart of Dixie, The Yellowhammer State, and The Cotton State.
|Total||52,419 sq mi (135,765 km2)|
|Width||190 miles (305 km)|
|Length||330 miles (531 km)|
The Chickasaw, Choctaw, Creek, Koasati, and, of course, the Alabama tribe inhabited the state. Spaniard Hernando De Soto explored these lands in 1540. The French, led by de Bienville, founded the first permanent European settlement in the area of the modern city of Mobile in 1702. France ceded the territory of Alabama to Great Britain in 1763, and in turn, Great Britain was forced to gave it to the United States in 1813. Spain kept Mobile up to 1813. The defeat of the Creeks in the Battle of Horseshoe Bend led to an influx of white settlers who made plantation slavery the basis of the economy. The city of Montgomery was the first capital of the Confederation. The state was seriously suffered during The American Revolutionary War.
The development of industries began by the end of the 19th century, but monoculture (cotton) led to a large-scale depression in agriculture, reinforced in 1915 by the invasion of cotton weevils. Changes in the economy in the 30's led to the development of energy and the iron and steel industry. In the 1950s-1960s, despite severe racial problems, the state completely switched to the path of industrialization.
The ethnic population of the state: about 74% - English-speaking Americans, about 25% - African Americans and 1% - Indians, Hispanic people, people from Asia. The majority of the population lives in cities. Most of the community is Protestant. For more than twenty years (since 1963), state policy has been determined by the governor-South Democrat George Wallace; Republicans began to win positions from the end of the 60s.
TOP 5 Universities
Best Universities in Alabama
- The University of Alabama
- Auburn University
- University of Alabama at Birmingham
- The University of Alabama in Huntsville
- University of South Alabama