Indiana is a state in the northeastern United States, one of the states of the Midwest USA. Indiana's territory is divided into the northern lake region, central lowlands and hilly southern foothills of the Cumberland Plateau. The main rivers are Ohio and Wabash. The climate is temperate continental, with hot, humid summers and cold winters.
The capital of Indiana is Indianapolis.
The Hoosier State
|Total||36,418 sq mi (94,321 km2)|
|Width||140 miles (225 km)|
|Length||270 miles (435 km)|
Even before the arrival of the Europeans, the territory of Indiana was settled by tribes of Indians from 8 thousand BC. The name appeared in the 1760s and meant “the land of the Indians,” and from 1800 it began to be used officially.
The French, appeared there in 1679, did not even suspect about all the natural riches of Indiana. They found the local Indian tribes in a time of hostility. The Iroquois tribes combined with the British that arrived on the territory. Getting guns from them, Iroquois used them against other tribes, which they drove, assimilated or made tributaries. The French were supported by representatives of some other tribes, and gradually the Indian wars were increasingly acquiring the character of confrontation between France and Britain. The French founded the first permanent European settlement in Indiana. By 1725, the lands of current Indiana were incorporated into the colony of New France. At the same time, missionaries carried on their activities trying to convert the Indians to Christianity and maintain an alliance with them. Towards the end of the French and Indian War vast territories came under the control of the British. The Indians won the right on reservations, and the British continued the colonization.
The Indiana Territory was established in 1800 and its future 9th President, William Henry Harrison, became its governor. And in 1816, the 19th state of Indiana appeared in the alliance of American states. Indiana played a significant role in the Civil War between the capitalist North and the slave-owning South. This was the first western state that spoke on the side of the northerners. The victory continued the industrial growth of the state, and by the beginning of the XX century, Indiana declared itself as the center of the automotive industry.
The crisis began during the Great Depression, from which the military and food orders for the front of the Second World War helped. The next industrial turmoil came in the 1970s, after which much in the structure of the economy had to be changed due to the closure of many enterprises and high unemployment.
Around 6,520,000 people live in Indiana. The average population density in the State of Hozierra is about 183/sq mi (70.7/km2).
The largest cities in Indiana are the capital of Indianapolis (about 1,220,000 inhabitants), Fort Wayne (about 260,000 inhabitants), Evansville (about 120,000 inhabitants) and South Bend (about 110,000 inhabitants).
TOP 5 Universities
Best Universities in Indiana
- Purdue University
- Indiana University Bloomington
- University of Notre Dame
- Indiana University - Purdue University Indianapolis
- Ball State University