New York is a state in the northeastern USA on the Atlantic coast, near the border with Canada. It is the largest state in the Mid-Atlantic States group. The state is bordered by Vermont, Massachusetts, and Connecticut in the east, by Pennsylvania and New Jersey in the south, by Erie and Ontario lakes and by the Canadian province of Ontario in the west, by the province of Quebec in the north.
The capital of the state is Albany.
New York's nicknames
The Empire State
|Total||54,555 sq mi (141,300 km2)|
|Width||285 miles (455 km)|
|Length||330 miles (530 km)|
The Iroquois and Algonquin Indian tribes lived on these lands. The indigenous people did not participate in the history of the state after Europeans began to rule here. The first European that visited territories of the state was Italian Giovanni Verrazano. It happened in 1524. The first significant event in the history of the state was the visit of Henry Hudson, captain of the Dutch East India Trade Company. His name was immortalized in the name of the largest river in the state. On the river, he reached the place, near the current capital of the state. The fort of Nassau was built in 1614-1618 here. It was the first European settlement in this region.
Back in 1621, the Netherlands declared the vast territory of the state its colony called New Netherlands, and on the place of the New York City, the city of New Amsterdam was founded. Conflicts because of the territory began, and the Dutch governor, Peter Stuyvesant, surrendered a colony to the British. New colonizers immediately renamed the city in New York, in honor of the son of King Charles I of James Stewart, Duke of York. In 1688, New York and New Jersey entered the dominion of New England. In 1688-1689, a rebellion occurred in England, called the Glorious Revolution. The governor of New York, J. Lizler, taking advantage of the situation, raised a rebellion against the English crown. In 1691 it was crushed, and the power of the royal house was restored. Nevertheless, a congressional assembly was created in the colony of New York.
Different battles were fought here during the American Revolutionary War (1775-1783). On July 4, 1776, the Declaration of Independence from the Metropolis was adopted in Philadelphia, and the representative of New York, R. Livingston, took part in the drafting of the text. In April 1777, New York ratified the USA Constitution, and in July 1778 it became the 11th state with its capital in Kingston. Since 1797, the capital of the state is Albany.
In 1825, the construction of the 540 km long Erie Canal, which connected the Great Lakes system with the Atlantic Ocean across the Hudson River, was completed. With its discovery, trade has significantly intensified. In 1831, the first USA railway between Albany and Schenectady began to operate, and already in the 1850s, the entire state was covered by a network of railways. In the period of the 1850s, New York became known as the leading industrial state of the country. In the Civil War of 1861-1865, more than 500,000 New Yorkers fought on the side of the North. The development of the state continued even more vigorously, since the flow of immigrants has not only not dried up, but has also increased significantly.
Around 19,500,000 people live in the state of New York. The average population density in the state is about 416.42/sq mi (159/km2).
The state of New York ranks second in the United States regarding the number of immigrants coming here. At the same time, internal emigration from the state, especially to Florida, is very high.
The state has the largest city in the United States - New York. The population of New York City exceeds 8,175,000 people, and the metropolis "Big New York" - about 19,000,000 people.
TOP 5 Universities
Best Universities in New York
- Cornell University
- Columbia University in the City of New York
- New York University
- University at Buffalo, State University of New York
- University of Rochester