Ohio is a state in the north-east of the Midwest USA, the first state included in the confederation after the adoption of the Order of the North-West in 1787. The name Ohio received from the name of the Ohio River, the most affluent tributary of the greatest river of North America - the Mississippi. In turn, the name of the Ohio River comes from the word ohi-yo, which means “big river” in the language of the Iroquois Indians.
The capital of the state is Columbus.
The Buckeye State, Birthplace of Aviation, The Heart of It All
|Total||44,825 sq mi (116,096 km2)|
|Width||220 miles (355 km)|
|Length||220 miles (355 km)|
Archaeological excavations confirm that the territory of Ohio was inhabited by nomadic tribes 15 thousand years ago. But the nomads disappeared for an unknown reason three thousand years ago. On the territory of Ohio, the Serpent Mound is preserved - the oldest monument of the legendary and mysterious Indian culture of Aden. There are still discussions about the ethnicity of these people of the pre-Columbian era, who built funerary complexes, conducted elaborate ceremonies, built houses and entire villages engaged in farming. Later, the Algonquin Indians came here, as well as the Sioux and the Iroquois, but they were far from the level of the people of the vanished Aden culture.
The first European in Ohio was Frenchman Adrien Jolliet. At the same time, French trackers discovered the Ohio River, and only then the British came here that bought fur from local Indians, buy themselves, beaver The peaceful coexistence of competing merchants did not work out, and in the 1740s in Ohio, open armed clashes began between the French and the British. Then the Anglo-French colonial war of 1754-63 began. The territory of Ohio passed to Great Britain.
But, having beaten the French, the British faced fierce resistance from the indigenous population. The Indians gathered in a tribal alliance led by the leader Pontiac and killed many British colonists. The French promised help to the Indians, but they did not keep their words, and the Indians were forced to retreat. In the history of North America, Ohio received the sad glory of the place where the bloodiest massacres and scalping of Indians - including women and children - by white settlers occurred. The British and Americans were also helped by the fact that the Indians did not have immunity against the diseases brought from the Old World, and the Redskins almost all became extinct during epidemics of fever.
In 1783, the American Revolutionary War ended, which began in 1775, and the territory of Ohio passed to the Americans. August 20, 1794, there was a famous Battle of fallen trees, in which the remnants of Indian tribes were defeated. In 1803, Ohio became the seventeenth state of the United States. At the same time began the mass eviction of the remaining Indians on a reservation on the west bank of the Mississippi River.
During the Civil War between the North and the South of 1861-65, the Ohio state reaffirmed its crucial importance for the United States: its railways played a decisive role in the delivery of goods and troops, and in the army of northerners most soldiers were from Ohio.
About 11.6 million people live in Ohio. The average population density in the state is about 282/sq mi (109/km2).
The largest cities of Ohio are Columbus (about 800,000 inhabitants), Cleveland (about 400,000 inhabitants), Cincinnati (about 300,000 inhabitants), Toledo (almost 300,000 inhabitants), Akron (about 300,000 inhabitants) and Dayton (about 150,000 inhabitants).
TOP 5 Universities
Best Universities in Ohio
- The Ohio State University
- University of Cincinnati
- Case Western Reserve University
- Kent State University
- Ohio University